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6055B

Decorated Initials

Decorated Initials

6055B
Artist
Workshop of Antonio Ricardo (but only as printer?)
Title
Decorated Initials (White Roman initials over horse-rider decorations).
Date
1585-1603
Medium
Woodcut or woodcut printing.  About 28mm x 28mm. Printed in the following works: Confessionario para los curas de indios[.] Lima: Antonio Ricardo, 1585 [Letters E, I, L, Q (all four shown here) — Luis de Velasco, Para que los indios no sean oprimidos ni detenidos[.] Auto de oficio. Lima: Antonio Ricardo, 1603 [Letter E] — Luis de Velasco. Para que los indios yanaconas no puedan ser detenidos[.] Auto de oficio. Lima: Antonio Ricardo, 1603 [Letter E].
Location
Antigua imprenta de Antonio Ricardo, Lima, Perú.
Photo Source
Mori 2013a. Not reproduced at scale vis-à-vis the images of the impressions in 6055A.
Correspondence Credit
Rodríguez-Buckingham 1977, 117 noted that letters E, I, L were printed in Luis Mexia Ponce de León, Laconismus[.] Sevilla: Apud Ioanem Gotherrium Typographum, in via Genuensi, 1569.
Note
Line-by-line similarities between the images of 6055A and 6055B suggest that all of these letters were printed from one and the same set of types. Said types were printed in Seville by Juan Gutiérrez between 1559 and 1570. Antonio Ricardo was an Italian typographer who worked in Venice, Lyon, Valladolid, and Medina del Campo. In 1570, Ricardo left Europe and traveled to America to become one of the first publishers of the New World. So Ricardo could have acquired our types in Seville —the required point of departure for the Indies— and brought them along in his transatlantic journey. Ricardo could then print these types, first in Mexico City with his associate, Pedro Ocharte, and then in Lima, where he relocated in 1580. Ricardo printed these types through his death in 1606.
Item
6055B
Correspondences
Archive: 6055A/6055B
Archive: 6055A/6055B
6055A/6055B